By Rakesh Mishra
The websites can be divided into two broad categories.
A) On the basis of functionality. B) On the basis of the purpose.
A) On the basis of functionality -In this category, we consider the functionality of the sites as an important factor. Here functionality means how the visitors will interact with the website? Does this site require dynamic content which gets updated over time? Which types of devices (e.g. desktop, mobile, tablet etc) the users are using?
1) Static –
a) Static websites are those sites which once hosted on the web server are not open to changes by the end-user i.e. website owner.
b) Content is static in nature i.e.the information is not changed over time.
c) They are inexpensive and consume less time to build, but they are proved to be costly in the long run.
d) They are built in HTML and CSS.
2) Dynamic –
a) Dynamic websites are those sites which once hosted on the web server are open to change by end users. Dynamic websites come with cpanel also known as a control panel or CMS.
b) Content is dynamic in nature – i.e. there is need to change information over time.
c) These are expensive and more time-consuming to build as compared to static websites. But they are proved to be cost-effective in the long run.
d) It requires a lot of coding in PHP, ASP.net to build a dynamic website.
3) Responsive –
Responsive websites provide optimal viewing experience in the various devices ranging from desktop computers to the mobile phone.
In responsive website, the page view layout changes according to size and compatibility of the devices. The users experience easy reading and navigation with a minimum resizing and scrolling in various devices.
e.g. in mobile phone user see the website in single column and a tablet user sees the same content in two columns.
4) Mobile –
Mobile websites are perfectly optimized for mobile platform particularly for a 4 inch mobile screen, e.g. m.domain.com.
B) On the basis of the purpose–
Before building a website, everyone has a purpose for making it. On the basis of our purposes,we can classify the websites into Personal website, Business website, E- commerce, Search Engine, Informational websites and Social Media Web.